Infographics

Infographics help WHO convey health messages to the public through visuals. Here you can find a compilation of WHO infographics according to topic.



Adolescent health

Adolescents – young people between the ages of 10 and 19 years – are often thought of as a healthy group. Nevertheless, many adolescents die prematurely.

Ageing and health

Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people aged 60 and over is expected to double. In 2050, more than 1 in 5 people will be 60 years or older.

Antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change and become resistant to the antibiotics used to treat the infections they cause.


Cholera

Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated. Researchers have estimated that each year there are up to 4 million cases and 143 thousand deaths from cholera.

Diabetes

About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, a number likely to more than double in the next 20 years. Type 2 accounts for around 90% of all diabetes worldwide. Reports of type 2 diabetes in children have increased globally.

Disabilities and rehabilitation

A billion people in the world, 15% of the population, have a disability severe enough that it limits their participation in family, community and political life.


Environmental health

Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours.

Food safety

Foodborne diseases take a major toll on health. Millions of people fall ill and many die as a result of eating unsafe food.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.


HIV/AIDS

HIV is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Humanitarian action

Humanitarian emergencies across the globe have put pressure on the health systems and the vulnerable populations seeking health care. WHO is working with partners and governments to provide assistance to the affected populations.

Immunization

Immunization is one of the most cost-effective solutions in global health, with clear benefits for health and sustainable development.


Malaria

Malaria prevention works. Prevention tools are powerful and cost-effective, and they are saving lives. Since 2000, more than 663 million malaria cases have been averted in sub-Saharan Africa.

Mental health

Mental health is promotion of well-being, prevention of mental disorders, and treatment, rehabilitation of people affected by mental disorders.

Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)

NTDs are endemic in 149 countries and affect more than 1.4 billion people, costing developing economies billions of dollars every year.


Natural disasters

Hurricanes, flooding, heavy rains may increase the risk of water-borne diseases (e.g. typhoid fever, leptospirosis) and and vector-borne diseases (e.g. malaria, dengue, Chikungunya). Consult a doctor at once if you have any sign or symptom of illness.

New born and child health

An estimated 43 percent—249 million—of children under five in low-and middle-income countries are at an elevated risk of poor development due to extreme poverty and stunting.

Nutrition

Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases, and longevity.


Palliative care

Palliative care is important for patients with life-threatening illnesses and their families. It relieves physical, psychological and spiritual suffering. Palliative care also plays a major role in improving quality of life.

Plague

Plague is an infectious disease that can become severe if left untreated. If diagnosed early, plague can be cured with antibiotics and supportive care.

Salt reduction

Salt intake of less than 5 grams per day for adults helps to reduce blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and coronary heart attack.


Sexual, reproductive, maternal health

About 830 women die each day due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth. This is despite a 44% reduction in maternal deaths between 1990 and 2015.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The SDGs mark the beginning of a new era in global development – the world’s to-do list for a fairer, safer and healthier world by 2030. The health-related targets are centred in Goal 3, but health will affect or be affected by each of the 17 SDGs.

Tobacco

Tobacco threatens health, economies and development. The tobacco industry targets women by implying tobacco enhances gender equality, glamour, sociability and success.


Violence and injury prevention

Injuries–resulting from traffic collisions, drowning, poisoning, falls or burns - and violence - from assault , self-inflicted violence or acts of war–kill more than five million people worldwide annually and cause harm to millions more.

Viral haemorrhagic fevers

Viral haemorrhagic fever is a general term for a severe illness, sometimes associated with bleeding, that may be caused by a number of viruses, including Lassa fever, Rift Valley Fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and others.

Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a viral disease, found in tropical regions of Africa and the Americas. It principally affects humans and monkeys, and is transmitted via the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. It can produce devastating outbreaks, which can be prevented and controlled by mass vaccination campaigns.


Zika virus disease

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in tropical regions. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.